Today we will discuss the long COVID or post-COVID-19 Condition and Treatment. Let us begin with what we have learned about the symptoms of post-COVID-19 condition in the third year of the pandemic.

We’ve learned a lot about the definition of post-COVID-19 condition, and we’ve seen three common symptoms.

1- Exhaustion or Fatigue

2-  Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing. This is especially important for those of you who were previously very active. Consider your breathing. How do you feel now that you don’t think you’ll be able to run as far because you’re out of breath?

3- Cognitive dysfunction. This is more commonly known as brain fog. That means people are having difficulty paying attention, concentrating, recalling or remembering information, sleeping difficulties , and performing executive functions

However, these are only three major symptoms of over 200 symptoms described in the literature from patients who have had or have a post-COVID-19 condition.

When should people be concerned that they may have a long COVID?

As per the Best Pulmonologist in Delhi – Dr Neetu Jain people should start worrying about three months after their acute COVID-19 illness if not subsides. After three months, we recommend that if you have any of these symptoms, you seek medical attention because you may have a post-COVID-19 condition.

Another frequently asked question is how long it lasts ?

 At least two months, based on my experience. So perhaps you have a symptom that you are concerned about, such as long COVID. But if it goes away after a week, two weeks, or a month, we don’t consider it long COVID. If it lasts longer than two months, we begin to suspect that it is a long COVID, post-COVID-19 condition. Patients may experience symptoms for a longer period of time at that point. They may have symptoms for up to six months, and there have been reports of people having symptoms for up to a year or more.

Concerning the treatments that we are currently recommending.

According to the best lung specialist in Delhi  the condition as a variety of symptoms affecting multiple body systems, the treatment is not the same for all patients. The treatment must be patient-centered and focused on the symptoms that the patient is experiencing. We don’t yet have any drugs to treat the post-COVID-19 condition, but we do have interventions like  medical intervention, rehab interventions or self-management techniques to help people improve their quality of life while they still have these symptoms that haven’t fully recovered.

So if your are feeling any of the above mentioned common symptops or any other symptom related to the other body parts you should consult a specialist related to the Body orga.

1- For Fatigue you must consult a Medicine or cardiology Doctor

2- For Breathlessness or Shortness of breathing must connect with Pulmonologist

3- Sleeping Disorders – Must Consult with Pulmonologist

4- Cognitive Difficulties – Must consult a Neurologist.

If we talk about self management techniques it could be that if you have fatigue, don’t overexert yourself when you’re tired; instead, schedule your activities during the day when you’re not tired.

If you have cognitive dysfunction, avoid multitasking and instead concentrate on one activity.

 If you have trouble sleeping or have insomnia, you should work on sleep hygiene techniques and interventions.

So a variety of these types of interventions, as well as rehab interventions, are available. We now recommend that patients with post-COVID-19 conditions be cared for in a coordinated, integrated manner. Then they can reach out to the various specialists in an integrated, coordinated manner if you require evaluation by a specialist. This could include a neurologist, cardiologist, pulmonologist, mental health specialist, or rehab specialist, as well as someone to assist with social work or social or peer-to-peer support groups. As a result, we believe that this type of care model is most appropriate for patients with post-COVID-19 conditions.

Introduction: Influenza (also known as the flu) is a highly contagious illness that can affect children and adults of all ages. It is more common during the winter months because people spend more time in close proximity to one another. The flu is easily transmitted from person to person through coughing, sneezing, or touching surfaces.

As Per Best Asthma and Allergy Doctor in Delhi NCR– Every year, many people are hospitalized due to complications from the flu. Serious illness is more likely in the very young, older adults, pregnant women, and people with specific health issues such as asthma or other types of lung disease.

The Best Pulmonologist in Delhi told that there have been several widespread flu outbreaks (known as pandemics) that have resulted in the deaths of many people around the world. These outbreaks occurred when new strains of influenza viruses emerged, infecting humans who lacked immunity to these viruses.

SYMPTOMS OF FLU:

Seasonal flu symptoms can vary from person to person, but they typically include:

Fever (temperature greater than 100 °F [37.8°C])

Headache and muscle aches

 Fatigue

Coughing and sore throats may also occur.

Flu patients typically have a fever for two to five days. This is not the same as a fever caused by another upper respiratory virus, which usually goes away after 24 to 48 hours.

Most flu patients have a fever and muscle aches, and some also have cold-like symptoms (runny nose, sore throat).

Flu symptoms typically improve in two to five days, though the illness can last a week or longer. Weakness and fatigue can last several weeks.

Flu complications — Some people develop influenza complications, the most common of which is Pneumonia.

Pneumonia is a serious lung infection that is more common in young children, people over the age of 65, people who live in long-term care facilities (nursing homes), and those with other illnesses such as diabetes or heart or lung conditions. Pneumonia is also more common in people with weakened immune systems, such as transplant recipients.

DIAGNOSIS OF FLU

Symptoms are typically used to diagnose influenza (fever, cough, and muscle aches). In certain circumstances, such as during a new influenza outbreak in a community or in patients who are at high risk of complications, lab testing for influenza is performed.

Treatment for the flu

When to seek help — Without treatment, most people recover in one to two weeks. However, serious flu complications can occur call your doctor right away.

  • If you have shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, or
  •  if you have pain or pressure in your chest or stomach,
  •  You have symptoms of dehydration, such as dizziness when standing or not passing urine.
  • You are confused. You cannot stop vomiting or drink enough fluids.

If your child has any of the symptoms listed above, or if the child:

  • has a blue or purplish skin colour.
  • Is so irritable that he or she does not want to be held
  • Does not cry when crying (in infants)
  • Has a fever with a rash
  • and it is difficult to wake up.

Treating influenza symptoms may make you feel better, but it will not make the flu go away faster.

  • Rest until the flu is completely gone, especially if the illness was severe.
  • Fluids – Drink enough fluids to avoid becoming dehydrated. The colour of your urine is one way to tell if you’re drinking enough. Urine should normally be light yellow to nearly colorless. You should pass urine every three to five hours if you drink enough.
  • Acetaminophen – can be used to treat fevers, headaches, and muscle aches.
  • Cough medicines are rarely effective; coughs usually resolve on their own. Cough and cold medications are not recommended for children under the age of six.
  • Treatment with antiviral medications: Antiviral medications can be used to treat or prevent influenza. The medicine does not eliminate flu symptoms when used as a treatment, but it can reduce the severity and duration of symptoms…

Antiviral treatment for seasonal influenza is most effective when administered within the first 48 hours of symptoms.

  • Antibiotics — Antibiotics are NOT effective in treating viral illnesses like influenza. Antibiotics should be used only if a bacterial flu complication, such as bacterial pneumonia, ear infection, or sinusitis, is present.