Introduction: Influenza (also known as the flu) is a highly contagious illness that can affect children and adults of all ages. It is more common during the winter months because people spend more time in close proximity to one another. The flu is easily transmitted from person to person through coughing, sneezing, or touching surfaces.
As Per Best Asthma and Allergy Doctor in Delhi NCR– Every year, many people are hospitalized due to complications from the flu. Serious illness is more likely in the very young, older adults, pregnant women, and people with specific health issues such as asthma or other types of lung disease.
The Best Pulmonologist in Delhi told that there have been several widespread flu outbreaks (known as pandemics) that have resulted in the deaths of many people around the world. These outbreaks occurred when new strains of influenza viruses emerged, infecting humans who lacked immunity to these viruses.
SYMPTOMS OF FLU:
Seasonal flu symptoms can vary from person to person, but they typically include:
Fever (temperature greater than 100 °F [37.8°C])
Headache and muscle aches
Coughing and sore throats may also occur.
Flu patients typically have a fever for two to five days. This is not the same as a fever caused by another upper respiratory virus, which usually goes away after 24 to 48 hours.
Most flu patients have a fever and muscle aches, and some also have cold-like symptoms (runny nose, sore throat).
Flu symptoms typically improve in two to five days, though the illness can last a week or longer. Weakness and fatigue can last several weeks.
Flu complications — Some people develop influenza complications, the most common of which is Pneumonia.
Pneumonia is a serious lung infection that is more common in young children, people over the age of 65, people who live in long-term care facilities (nursing homes), and those with other illnesses such as diabetes or heart or lung conditions. Pneumonia is also more common in people with weakened immune systems, such as transplant recipients.
DIAGNOSIS OF FLU
Symptoms are typically used to diagnose influenza (fever, cough, and muscle aches). In certain circumstances, such as during a new influenza outbreak in a community or in patients who are at high risk of complications, lab testing for influenza is performed.
Treatment for the flu
When to seek help — Without treatment, most people recover in one to two weeks. However, serious flu complications can occur call your doctor right away.
- If you have shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, or
- if you have pain or pressure in your chest or stomach,
- You have symptoms of dehydration, such as dizziness when standing or not passing urine.
- You are confused. You cannot stop vomiting or drink enough fluids.
If your child has any of the symptoms listed above, or if the child:
- has a blue or purplish skin colour.
- Is so irritable that he or she does not want to be held
- Does not cry when crying (in infants)
- Has a fever with a rash
- and it is difficult to wake up.
Treating influenza symptoms may make you feel better, but it will not make the flu go away faster.
- Rest until the flu is completely gone, especially if the illness was severe.
- Fluids – Drink enough fluids to avoid becoming dehydrated. The colour of your urine is one way to tell if you’re drinking enough. Urine should normally be light yellow to nearly colorless. You should pass urine every three to five hours if you drink enough.
- Acetaminophen – can be used to treat fevers, headaches, and muscle aches.
- Cough medicines are rarely effective; coughs usually resolve on their own. Cough and cold medications are not recommended for children under the age of six.
- Treatment with antiviral medications: Antiviral medications can be used to treat or prevent influenza. The medicine does not eliminate flu symptoms when used as a treatment, but it can reduce the severity and duration of symptoms…
Antiviral treatment for seasonal influenza is most effective when administered within the first 48 hours of symptoms.
- Antibiotics — Antibiotics are NOT effective in treating viral illnesses like influenza. Antibiotics should be used only if a bacterial flu complication, such as bacterial pneumonia, ear infection, or sinusitis, is present.