Bronchoscopy is a procedure in which doctors examine your lungs and airways. It is usually performed by a doctor who specialises in lung disorders (a pulmonologist). During bronchoscopy, a thin tube (bronchoscope) is passed through your nose or mouth, down your throat, and into your lungs.

A flexible bronchoscope is most commonly used for bronchoscopy. However, if there is a lot of bleeding in your lungs or a large object is stuck in your airway, a rigid bronchoscope may be required.

A persistent cough, infection, or something unusual seen on a chest X-ray or other test are common reasons for bronchoscopy.

As per Best Pulmonologist in Delhi –  Bronchoscopy can also be used to collect mucus or tissue samples, remove foreign bodies or other blockages from the airways or lungs, or treat lung problems.

Why is it done?

Bronchoscopy is typically used to determine the source of a lung problem. For example, if you have a persistent cough or an abnormal chest X-ray, your doctor may refer you for bronchoscopy.

Bronchoscopy is done for a number of reasons, including:

  • A lung problem has been diagnosed.
  • The detection of a lung infection
  • Tissue biopsy from the lung
  • Mucus removal, foreign body removal, or removal of another obstruction in the airways or lungs, such as a tumour

A small tube is inserted to keep an airway open (stent)

As suggested by Best Pulmonologist in South Delhi – Interventional bronchoscopy is used to treat lung problems such as bleeding, abnormal narrowing of the airway (stricture), or collapsed lung (pneumothorax)

Special devices, such as a biopsy tool, an electrocautery probe to control bleeding, or a laser to reduce the size of an airway tumour, may be passed through the bronchoscope during some procedures. To ensure that the desired area of the lung is sampled, special techniques are used to guide the collection of biopsies.

Endo Bronchial Ultrasound in Delhi -A bronchoscope with an ultrasound probe built in may be used to check the lymph nodes in people with lung cancer. This is known as endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS), and it assists doctors in determining the best course of treatment. Other types of cancer may benefit from EBUS to determine if the cancer has spread.

Special devices, such as a biopsy tool, an electrocautery probe to control bleeding, or a laser to reduce the size of an airway tumour, may be passed through the bronchoscope during some procedures. To ensure that the desired area of the lung is sampled, special techniques are used to guide the collection of biopsies.

A bronchoscope with an ultrasound probe built in may be used to check the lymph nodes in people with lung cancer. This is known as endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS), and it assists doctors in determining the best course of treatment. Other types of cancer may benefit from EBUS to determine if the cancer has spread.

After Effects of Bronchoscopy

Fever is common after bronchoscopy, but it is not always an indication of infection. The vast majority of the time, no treatment is required. . How do you prepare?

Food and medication restrictions, as well as discussions about additional precautions, are usually part of the bronchoscopy preparation process.

Precaution Before Bronchoscopy

Medication and food

Several days before the bronchoscopy, you may be asked to discontinue blood-thinning medications such as aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), and warfarin (Coumadin, Jan oven). You will also be instructed not to eat or drink anything for four to eight hours prior to the procedure.