What are sleep disorders?

A condition that disturbs your sleep or prevents you from getting restful sleep is known as Sleep disorders. These can be experienced by everyone time to time which is normal, but if someone experience below conditions then it will be termed as sleep disorder .

You regularly experience difficulty in sleeping.

  • Feeling of Tiredness during the day even you slept for at least seven hours last night.
  • You feel less energetic in performing the daytime activities

Sleep is very important. Not getting enough sleep can hamper on school and work performance, interpersonal relationships, health and safety.

How many types of sleep disorders are there?

The top ones are:

  • Insomnia
  • Sleep apnea
  • Restless legs syndrome
  • Narcolepsy
Causes of Sleep Disorders?

Following are the possible causes

  • Mood issues, such as anxiety or depression
  • Lifestyle factors such as shift work, frequent travel, or irregular schedules
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Dietary factors, including too much caffeine or alcohol
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Medical conditions, including pain, depression, and heart disease
  • Aging
What are the symptoms of sleep disorders?

You might have a sleep disorder if you experience one or more of the following symptoms. Do you:

  • Fall asleep while driving?
  • Struggle to stay awake when inactive, such as when watching television or reading?
  • Have difficulty paying attention or concentrating at work, school, or home?
  • Have performance problems at work or school?
  • Often get told by others that you look sleepy?
  • Have difficulty with your memory?
  • Have slowed responses?
  • Have difficulty controlling your emotions?
  • Need to take naps almost every day?
Types of common sleep disorders

Insomnia

Insomnia, the inability to get to sleep or sleep well at night, can be caused by stress, jet lag, a health condition, the medications you take, or even the amount of coffee you drink. Insomnia can also be caused by other sleep disorders or mood disorders such as anxiety and depression.

Whatever the cause of your insomnia, improving your sleep hygiene, revising your daytime habits, and learning to relax will help cure most cases of insomnia without relying on sleep specialists or turning to prescription or over-the-counter sleeping pills.

Sleep apnea

Sleep apnea is a common (and treatable) sleep disorder in which your breathing temporarily stops during sleep, awakening you frequently. If you have sleep apnea you may not remember these awakenings, but you’ll likely feel exhausted during the day, irritable and depressed, or see a decrease in your productivity. Sleep apnea is a serious and potentially life-threatening sleep disorder, so see a doctor right away and learn how to help yourself.

Restless legs syndrome (RLS)

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sleep disorder that causes an almost irresistible urge to move your legs (or arms) at night. The urge to move occurs when you’re resting or lying down and is usually due to uncomfortable, tingly, aching, or creeping sensations. There are plenty of ways to help manage and relieve symptoms, though, including self-help remedies you can use at home.

Narcolepsy

Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder that involves excessive, uncontrollable daytime sleepiness. It is caused by a dysfunction of the brain mechanism that controls sleeping and waking. If you have narcolepsy, you may have “sleep attacks” in the middle of talking, working, or even driving. Although no cure yet exists, a combination of treatments can help control symptoms and enable you to enjoy many normal activities